Awaluddin describes why the peace process in Aceh has been successful, from his perspective as the Indonesian government's chief negotiator during the Helsinki process. The government entered the peace negotiations with clear action plans and reasonable offers, including amnesty for the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) and concrete economic programmes. And President Yudhoyono was able to convince the Indonesian military to engage with the peace process. External factors were also important, in particular the 2004 tsunami, which helped to focus both sides on helping victims rather than fighting, and international pressure on GAM to enter talks. Ultimately, the sincerity of both sides' commitment to dialogue proved decisive.
Reconfiguring politics: The Indonesia-Aceh peace process.