There is a broad global consensus that inclusion matters in peace processes. The 2018 UN and World Bank report, Pathways for Peace, asserts that ‘addressing inequalities and exclusion’ and ‘making institutions more inclusive’ are key to preventing violent conflict. The challenges now are to strengthen that consensus and to better understand what inclusion in peace processes means in practice. Effective peace processes do not mean including all of the people all of the time but making informed decisions about who should be included in what and how.
This Accord is structured in three main sections:
Section 1) Frameworks for understanding inclusion in peace processes. In this first section, authors introduce an essential vocabulary of concepts with which to navigate the challenges, dilemmas and opportunities for inclusive peace.
Section 2) Inclusion in practice in national peace processes. This second section of the publication explores how more inclusive representation, processes and outcomes have been attempted in two peace processes – in Colombia and Nepal, where social, political and economic marginalisation lay at the roots of both armed conflicts. The Colombia and Nepal studies in this publication were coordinated respectively by Kristian Herbolzheimer and Deepak Thapa.
Section 3) Inclusion in practice in sub- and supra-national peace processes. The third and final section comprises four case studies that explore international and sub-national dimensions of navigating inclusion in peace processes - with case studies on Turkey, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Syria and Afghanistan
This report is an output of the Political Settlements Research Programme, which is funded by the Department for International Development (DFID).