Ahmed Abbas Ahmed and Ruben Zamora explore experiences of drawing up a constitution in Puntland, where this process has helped to consolidate peace and create structures of government.
In Puntland the clan rather than the individual is the primary bearer of rights and responsibilities.
Ahmed Abbas Ahmed and Ruben Zamora
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Puntland State of Somalia
Puntland State of Somalia was established at the Garowe Community Constitutional Conference in mid-1998 as a voluntary union of the communities inhabiting the regions of North Mudug, Nugal, Bari, Eastern Sanag, and Eastern Sool.
The constitutional review process
The CRC decided that a systematic revision of the provisional constitution was needed. With the help of an advisory team, the first draft of the revised constitution was completed by November 2008. The next phase was to involve consultations with wider society and by January 2009 plans for public dissemination and formal consultative meetings were ready.
Some provisional lessons learnt
In a political process that remains incomplete, it is premature to draw conclusions and lessons learned. Nevertheless it is possible to advance some propositions recalling the Puntland experience. The following are observations that have emerged from the process to date.