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Protracted conflict, elusive peace: Initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda (updated 2010: The Juba peace process)

Since the mid-1980s, the civil war between the Ugandan government and the Lord's Resistance Army (LRA) has caused great suffering to the people of Acholiland in northern Uganda. Marked by child-abductions and widespread forced displacement, it has become linked to larger geopolitical interests – particularly the conflict in Southern Sudan. A meaningful peace process remains elusive.

The update to Accord Issue 11 Initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda: 2002-09 and the Juba peace process, published in 2010 reviews and analyses peacebuilding developments related to the LRA conflict since the original publication, notably the flawed Juba peace process.  A French version is also available.

The original Accord Issue 11 Protracted conflict, elusive peace: initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda, published in 2002 documents the history of peacemaking initiatives by local officials, elders and the international community in efforts to resolve this conflict. It captures the complex story of how each failure to consolidate and put in place the agreements has led to more violence and deepened mistrust between the LRA and the government. 

The publication describes and analyses:

  • the impact of civil society initiatives
  • traditional reconciliation processes
  • the child rights agenda on the dynamics of the conflict

This Accord publication also contains the full texts of relevant peace agreements, a chronology of the conflict and peace process, and profiles of the key people and groups involved.

This issue of Accord was edited by Okello Lucima

Issue editor

Okello Lucima


Okello Lucima is an independent researcher and Kacoke Madit Regional coordinator for Canada. His research interests are in global environmental politics, sustainable rural livelihoods, human rights and politics & government in Uganda.