Protracted conflict, elusive peace: Initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda
Publication date: 
Accord issue: 

Bethuel Kiplagat reviews the Kenyan-mediated talks that led to the Nairobi peace agreement of December 1985 between the military government of Uganda and the NRM/A – the breakdown of which led to the NRM/A taking power in Kampala and new conflicts starting in the north and west. Kiplagat describes the structure and agenda for talks and the reasons the accord failed; these include issues with the conflict analysis and preparation for the talks, problematic relationships with the negotiators, a failure to understand the parties and their motivations, and the absence of inter-governmental support for the Kenyan team.