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This policy brief from Conciliation Resources addresses a problem at the heart of displacement dilemmas. While pre-conflict demography and settlement patterns cannot be recreated or restored, any peace agreement failing to establish a realistic basis for some degree of return is unlikely to be seen as legitimate by all conflict parties, or by the international community.

The brief summarises the background of forced displacement in the Nagorny Karabakh conflict and analyses what the implications of the current situation are in terms of moving the peace process forward.  It explains that sensitive policies now will prevent closing off avenues for dealing with the displacement issue later.  

Directions for policy making are also given and these focus on offering individuals choices as to how their futures are determined. 

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This initiative is supported by the European Union. Views expressed herein do not necessarily reflect the position of the European Union.