Why does inclusion matter for peace?
Evidence shows that peace processes that are more inclusive have a better chance of success. But what does it mean to be inclusive and how can this be achieved?
Conciliation Resources’ research examines how change is perceived by those living in conflict-affected contexts. This report looks at the strategies used by different groups to influence political change. In so doing, we are building up a picture of the role of inclusion, and how best to support the inclusion of different, under-represented or marginalised groups in peace processes.
Women, men and gender and sexual minorities across many sections of society play vital roles in building peace and helping societies recover from conflict, although too often they have little influence over the resulting peace. Clear opportunities to support gender inclusion exist in all phases of a peace process – before, during and after a peace agreement.
This report explores how meaningful participation at all levels of decision making, regardless of a person’s gender identity, is negotiated in elite-led peace processes and political settlements in conflict-affected contexts. It is based on analysis of Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, Nepal and Colombia.
* UN Security Council, Peacebuilding in the aftermath of conflict: report of the Secretary-General, 8 October 2012, A/67/499-S/2012/746, available at: http://www.refworld.org/docid/50f3fd382.html [accessed 4 May 2018].
** Nilsson, Desiree, ‘Anchoring the Peace: Civil Society Actors in Peace Accords and Durable Peace,’ International Interactions 38, no. 2 (April 2012)