Resources

‘Joint Creation’: The Bougainville Peace Agreement - and beyond

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2010
Accord Papua New Guinea: Joint creation
Edward Wolfers traces the incremental series of step-by-step talks and agreements that laid the path for a compromise over the political status of Bougainville.

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process

Sep 2002

The peace agreement signed in 2001 on the island of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea (PNG), ended the most violent conflict in the South Pacific since World War II. Weaving consensus: the Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process (Accord issue 12, 2002) outlines an extraordinary array of creative initiatives and interventions that succeeded not only in ending the organised violence but brought together Bougainvillean society within a national framework. The process defined a negotiated settlement acceptable to all.

Constitutional accommodation and conflict prevention

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Constitutional accommodation and conflict prevention
Yash Ghai and Anthony Regan describe the process that resulted in Bougainville declaring itself independent as the Republic of North Solomons, before being reincorporated into PNG through the Bougainville Agreement in 1976.

Early interventions

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Early interventions
Peter Sohia traces how negotiations on Bougainville’s relationship to the PNG government developed from 1980s to the mid-1990s. He argues that, despite their repeated failures, these efforts form part of an important cumulative process towards peace.

The role of women in promoting peace and reconciliation

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Role of women in promoting peace and reconciliation
The article looks at how the conflict impacted on women’s lives and how women’s groups helped sustain pressure for peace through marches, vigils, petitions and mass meetings and conferences, even though formal participation in the peace process was limited.

Reconciliation: My side of the island

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Reconciliation
James Tanis, a former combatant of the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA), gives a personal view of reconciliation processes in Bougainville – processes which contributed to the establishment of a joint negotiating team for the final peace talks.

Making, building and sustaining peace by peaceful means

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Making, building and sustaining peace by peaceful means
Moi Avei, Papua New Guinea’s Minister for Bougainville Affairs, discusses the compromises reached in the Lincoln Agreement and the need for continued cooperation and proactive partnership.

Limits and possibilities for civil society led re-democratization: The Fijian constitutional debates and dilemma

Dec 1996
How can civil society initiatives contribute to lasting peace in Fiji? Satendra Prasad of the Citizens Constitutional Forum explores various aspects of the country's political crises in this paper.

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