Borderlands are geographic regions that straddle an international border. They frequently become central to wartime struggles but are often overlooked. This Accord explores how past peace processes have incorporated or neglected borderland regions, and offers a new way of thinking about how peacebuilders and policymakers can respond to conflict in these regions.
How to get peace processes off the ground sustainably and inclusively is a vital but comparatively uncharted challenge for peace support. This Accord Spotlight explores priorities for more effective policy and practice.
Based on analysis of four contexts (Nepal, Nigeria, the Somali Region of Ethiopia (Ogaden) and Colombia) this report explores how inclusion is negotiated in peace processes and associated avenues for resolving conflict and effecting political change. This research examines how change is perceived by those living in conflict-affected contexts, and strategies used by different groups to influence political change.
Based on analysis of three contexts (Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, Nepal and Colombia) this report explores how gender inclusion – meaningful participation at all levels of decision making, regardless of a person’s gender identity – is negotiated in elite-led peace processes and political settlements in conflict-affected contexts, and how international and national actors can support it effectively.
This Accord spotlight summarises discussions from a workshop to explore priorities for peace in Afghanistan. It looks at six key themes; peacemaking in perspective, terminology, inclusion, understanding divisions, re-centring the regional stage and processing peace.
Women’s civil society activism in Bougainville has not always been well reflected in decision-making processes; however the political transition following the Bougainville Peace Agreement in 2001 has provided opportunities for greater inclusion. This report explores how gender dynamics shape decision-making, power and influence in Bougainville, in particular how formal and customary structures impact inclusion. It also looks at the approaches and strategies Bougainvillean women have used to increase their agency and influence within formal, faith and customary institutions.
This new Accord spotlight report tracks some of the ways in which inclusion has progressed through post-war transition in Nepal: how power is administered, what inclusion means and how it has been applied politically, and how change has happened – through formal and informal channels, as well as the continuing role of violence.
This report explores the historic experience of indigenous women in Colombia – a group usually absent from political decision-making processes – and how formal and customary institutions impact their inclusion in Colombia’s political settlement. It charts the emergence of different pathways for change for indigenous women, including the evolution of women’s engagement in the Colombian peace process as well as the inclusion of gender and ethnic minority issues in negotiations. The report looks at how the peace process is an opportunity for indigenous women to play a key role in peacebuilding and the reconfiguration of the political settlement in Colombia.