Resources

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (Accord 25)

Apr 2014
Legitimacy matters for peace. It is the basis of the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and their communities. Legitimacy transforms coercive power into political authority and is the bedrock of peaceful societies. Looking at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, this edition in our Accord series focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace.

Policy brief - Legitimacy and peace process: from coercion to consent

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Local governance and peacebuilding: challenges of legitimate representation

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Ken Menkhaus asks how viable it is to mobilise the legitimacy of local leadership for peace. Legitimate representation is difficult to identify in talks to end violent conflict that can include a proliferation of armed groups, severe social and political fragmentation, or communal or criminal violence.

Brazil - Citizenship, violence and authority in Rio’s favelas

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Joanna Wheeler explores relationships between citizenship, violence and authority in Rio’s favelas in Brazil. Drug trafficking groups and para-state militias have become dominant actors in the city’s informal settlements.

Participant reflections: Col Lysander: Colombia visit: Personal thoughts

Dec 2010
Following an exchange between peace practitioners from Colombia and the Philippines, Col Lysander, a Filipino participant, wrote a paper urging the Colombian military to turn its attention to peace.

Haciendo propio el proceso: La participación ciudadana en los procesos de paz

Jun 2004

The process for making a transition from war to peace provides an opportunity to agree new political, constitutional and economic arrangements that can deal with the roots of a conflict. However such decisions are often made solely by governments and armed groups’ representatives, who do not always represent the wider public’s interests.

Owning the process: Public participation in peacemaking

Dec 2002

The process for making a transition from war to peace provides an opportunity to agree new political, constitutional and economic arrangements that can deal with the roots of a conflict. However such decisions are often made solely by governments and armed groups’ representatives, who do not always represent the wider public’s interests.

Mogotes Municipal Constituent Assembly: Activating ‘popular sovereignty’ at a local level

Owning the process: Public participation in peacemaking
Dec 2002
Monseñor Leonardo Gomez Serna describes how the population of Mogotes, Colombia created a Municipal Constituent Assembly to promote development, peace and the end of political corruption. He claims it has inspired hundreds of ‘zones of peace’ across Colombia.

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