Resources

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Room for accommodation: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in Northern Ireland

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Asking what role incentives, sanctions and conditionality played in the Northern Ireland peace process, David Mitchell reviews the early years of the peace process, the negotiations that led to the Belfast Agreement and the processes that followed the agreement.

Dilemmas of multiple priorities and multiple instruments: The Darfur crisis

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Alex de Waal assesses the international efforts to address the Darfur crisis, noting the multiplicity of goals and mechanisms (especially instruments of pressure), and the reasons they more often impeded the search for a practical solution to the conflict.

International support for peace: Too much to ask?

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Debates on how international conditionalities or incentives have supported or undermined peacebuilding in Sri Lanka fail to ask whether they have even been seriously tried. Brian Smith reviews the failure to implement the aid conditionalities of the 2003 Tokyo Conference.

International involvement and incentives for peacemaking in northern Uganda

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Mareike Schomerus examines the motivations of the Ugandan government and the Lord's Resistance Army for engaging in the Juba talks and reflects on how the overpowering effects of international agendas on fragile negotiations could be addressed.

Compromising on autonomy: Mindanao in transition (1999)

Apr 1999

The 1996 Peace Agreement between the Republic of the Philippines government and Moro National Liberation Front (MNLF) was a milestone in many ways: all previous attempts to negotiate an end to 24 years of civil war had failed. Implementation of the peace deal did not end the violence but the efforts and innovations in peacemaking in Mindanao offer invaluable examples for people working to resolve conflicts around the world.

Accord issue 6, Compromising on autonomy: Mindanao in transition, contains analysis on Islamic diplomacy, civil society roles and development.

Safeguarding peace: Cambodia's constitutional challenge

Nov 1998

Accord issue 5, Safeguarding peace: Cambodia's constitutional challenge, examines issues around the signing of the 1991 Paris agreements that officially ended Cambodia’s long war, and the subsequent violent collapse of the country's governing coalition in July 1997.

The experiences suggest the need for rethinking international responses to Cambodia’s problems, with a greater emphasis on monitoring and supporting the functioning of its constitutionally mandated political institutions.

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