Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Ghassan El-Ezzi examines Lebanese-Israeli relations from a Lebanese perspective. He details barriers to achieving peace – or even to opening talks – between Lebanon and Israel, looking at internal divisions and Syrian influence in Lebanon, as well as prevailing Lebanese opinion of Israel as a military power with designs on key Lebanese resources. El-Ezzi further explores relations between Lebanon’s national security and Hezbollah’s ‘resistance’ role.
Conciliation Resources and the Regional Civil Society Task Force, composed of civil society organisations, religious and traditional leaders from areas affected by the Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA), welcome the development of a regional strategy to address the threat posed by the LRA. We urge that it must involve more than just a military approach.
Said Djinnit welcomes the publication of Accord 23 on Liberia and Sierra and stresses that, whilst gains have been made in both countries, Liberia and Sierra Leone still lack capability to respond to the many challenges they face.
In an interview with Accord, Ambassador Prince Zeid of Jordan, Chair of the Liberia Configuration of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) highlights UN priorities for Liberia: security sector reform, rule of law and national reconciliation.
Richard Reeve and Jackson Speare draw on local people's perspectives to review the current state of Liberia's security sector. Despite formal efforts, rural areas are still poorly policed, women are wary of security structures, and tensions remain between formal efforts and customary security arrangements.
This conclusion to Accord 23 makes suggestions for peacebuilding policy and practice. It argues that peacebuilding policy needs to concentrate more on people, and building relationships between communities, and between communities and the state.
Almost ten years on from the official end of wars in Sierra Leone (2002) and Liberia (2003), attention is shifting from post-war peacebuilding to longer-term development. What headway has been made? What challenges lie ahead? And what lessons that can be learnt?
In this opinion piece Kennedy Tumutegyereize sets out the background to the LRA conflict and how regional and international action (and inaction) plays a part in perpetuating the conflict.
Ending the violence and insecurity caused by the Lord's Resistance Army conflict is more about empowering civil society and seeking and supporting local solutions across many countries than about keeping US military advisers in the region.
A case study report focusing on the peacebuilding perspectives of people living in the Mano River Union (Libera, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire), Nigeria (Plateau and Niger Delta States) and Casamance (Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia).