Resources

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders

Jan 2011
War does not respect political or territorial boundaries. This twenty-second Accord publication looks at how peacebuilding strategies and capacity can ‘think outside the state’: beyond it, through regional engagement, and below it, through cross-border community or trade networks. Edited by Alexander Ramsbotham and I William Zartman, Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders includes 20 case studies from Asia, Europe and the Caucasus, to East, Central and West Africa, Central America and the Middle East. Articles also explore cross-border peacebuilding from global, systems analysis and legal perspectives, and focus on themes ranging from politics, governance and security, social and community relations, and trade and natural resources.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Introduction to the Georgia–Abkhazia case study

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Jonathan Cohen introduces the Georgia–Abkhazia case study by providing some historical context to the conflict and highlighting key aspects of the regime of sanctions on Abkhazia as experienced by the respective parties to the conflict.

The isolation of Abkhazia: A failed policy or an opportunity?

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Archil Gegeshidze explores the Georgian government's strategy of isolating Abkhazia and discusses the possible ways out of the current limbo.

Sanctions and the path away from peace

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
In arguing that Georgia and other international actors have misjudged the consequences of the policy of isolating Abkhazia, Liana Kvarchelia describes the sanctions imposed, the effects of Russia's easing of restrictions, and the resulting changes in Abkhazian attitudes.

A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process

Oct 1999
Accord issue 7, A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process, explores the background and issues at the heart of the Georgia–Abkhazia conflict – the Abkhaz demand for sovereignty and why Georgia refuses to grant it. The publication offers an insight into a political stalemate. It flags possible avenues out of the deadlock, including the need for political constituencies on both sides to engage more effectively with the challenge of democratisation and economic cooperation.

Georgian perspectives

A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process
Oct 1999
Ghia Nodia analyses Georgian perspectives on the conflict and peace process, explaining Georgia’s official positions, priorities and strategies.

An Abkhaz perspective

A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process
Oct 1999
Liana Kvarchelia presents on Abkhaz perspective on the Georgia–Abkhazia conflict, setting out Abhkazia’s main positions, looking into the reasons for negotiating deadlock and discussing the refugee dilemma.

The role of the UN

A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process
Oct 1999
S. Neil MacFarlane assesses the UN’s role in the Georgia-Abkhazia conflict, suggesting that it reduced the Georgian sense of isolation and supplied means for survival to refugees, but that it has had little influence over moving towards resolving the conflict.

Russia’s role

A question of sovereignty: The Georgia–Abkhazia peace process
Oct 1999
Dmitrii Danilov assesses Russia’s role in the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict, arguing that it has balanced its own strategic objectives against the goals of mediation, and that it regards any move that would upset the status quo as a threat to regional stability.

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