In South Asia we primarily focus on Jammu and Kashmir, which has been a hub of violent conflict since partition of the sub-continent in 1947. India and Pakistan, both nuclear states, have fought three wars over Jammu and Kashmir. Tensions and unresolved grievances around these historic disputes continue to feed wider regional instability and ongoing instability in Afghanistan also has the potential to fuel violence within Kashmir. Home to over one fifth of the world’s population, the human and developmental consequences of protracted conflict in South Asia are immense. The conflict in and around the disputed regions of Jammu and Kashmir has its roots in independence in 1947, when British India was divided between India and Pakistan.