Elizabeth Drew and Alexander Ramsbotham introduce the structure and content of the publication whilst outlining some of the challenges facing Sierra Leone and Liberia as the two countries shift from post-war peacebuilding to longer-term development.
While Liberia and Sierra Leone are both making progress away from war, there are still challenges to the long-term sustainability of peace. Causes of conflict persist in familiar and new forms, and social and political violence and unrest still affect the lives of many.
Elizabeth Drew and Alexander Ramsbotham
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Challenges ahead and lessons learnt
Almost ten years on from the official end of wars in Sierra Leone (2002) and Liberia (2003), attention is shifting from post-war peacebuilding to longer-term development. It is an apt time to consider the headway that has been made, the challenges that lie ahead, and the lessons that can be learnt.
Peacebuilding in Liberia and Sierra Leone: comparative analysis and learning
The conflicts in Liberia and Sierra Leone were deeply intertwined, while responses for peacebuilding and justice also show many parallels. A combined analysis offers useful comparisons for peacebuilding learning, and an opportunity to explore key challenges regarding peace settlements and their implementation.
Structure of the publication
The opening section of this publication looks at broad dynamics and trends of conflict and peacebuilding in Liberia and Sierra Leone.
Governance – democracy, decentralisation and natural resources
Justice and security
Reconciliation and reintegration
Box 1: Lessons from past Accord Issues: Liberia (1996) and Sierra Leone (2000)
Why had 13 peace accords in Liberia collapsed up to 1996? Why did Sierra Leone revert to crisis within a year of the 1999 Lomé Peace Agreement?
Box 2: Participatory Analysis
This Accord publication has used a participatory methodology to inform its structure and focus. A joint analysis workshop in February 2011 in Freetown brought together a range of Liberian and Sierra Leonean actors to discuss current threats to peace and security, how peacebuilding initiatives have responded to these and the main peacebuilding challenges ahead.