Women have played very positive roles as advocates and architects of peace in Aceh. But they have been excluded from formal aspects of the peace process, and Kamaruzzaman argues that this is not only unjust, but that it undermines effective peacebuilding. In 2000, the first All Acehnese Women's Congress called for greater women's participation in political decision-making. But women were largely left out of discussions leading up to the 2005 peace agreement, and of the agreement itself. Women have had to seek alternative avenues, such as through establishing the Women's Policy Network, which monitors implementation of the Law on the Governing of Aceh. But women must be included formally if the peace process is to have sustainable political traction.