Philippines reach landmark peace deal with MILF

After 17 years of negotiations, the Government of the Philippines will sign a historic peace agreement with the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) in Manila on 27 March 2014. Conciliation Resources is proud to have played a significant role in mediation support.

Negotiating inclusive peace in Colombia

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
Introducing the Colombia study in this publication, Herbolzheimer provides a succinct summary of the peace process, explaining how it has developed new mechanisms for participation. He describes how the conflict parties drew an explicit distinction between initial peace negotiations between themselves, with a limited agenda aimed primarily at ending the violence; and a broader social and political peace process, which would take place following the signing of a peace agreement ‘with the participation of each and every one’.

Uncertain aftermath: political impacts of the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process

Austin Lord and Sneha Moktan review the political impact of the 2015 earthquakes. Emergency response mirrored failings of institutional incompetence and political patronage, with marginalised communities amongst the last to receive help. Dysfunctional local governance structures added to the problem. And whilst the earthquake reenergised the stalled constitutional process, this has also been criticised for failing to engage the wider society and for backtracking on inclusive reforms.

Comparing the 2007 and 2015 constitutions

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process

Dipendra Jha compares Nepal’s 2007 and 2015 constitutions and the trajectory of commitments made to social inclusion. Focusing on key issues of quotas for marginalised communities, guarantees of representation, and implementation, he argues that the 2015 Constitution has rowed back on some of the progressive provisions to emerge in the 2007 Constitution. Jha expects continued and sustained opposition to the 2015 Constitution, with many identity groups unhappy with the new statute.

Legislating inclusion: Post-war constitution making in Nepal

Two steps forward, one step back: the Nepal peace process

Agreement on a new constitution has been a key objective of the Nepali peace process and a measure of progress on inclusion. Krishna Hachhethu explores the trajectory of constitution-making during the first and second Constituent Assemblies (2008-2012; 2013-2015), leading to the agreement of the 2015 Constitution.


In Nepal, a decade of peace has now followed a decade of war. The task of including different sections of society was central to the peace process, and this Accord tracks how this inclusion has progressed through the country’s post-war transition.

Subscribe to Constitutions