Peace is not just the absence of war or conflict. For indigenous women like me, peace is about kefiyo fédéw (peaceful feeling).
Austin Lord and Sneha Moktan review the political impact of the 2015 earthquakes. Emergency response mirrored failings of institutional incompetence and political patronage, with marginalised communities amongst the last to receive help. Dysfunctional local governance structures added to the problem. And whilst the earthquake reenergised the stalled constitutional process, this has also been criticised for failing to engage the wider society and for backtracking on inclusive reforms.
Dipendra Jha compares Nepal’s 2007 and 2015 constitutions and the trajectory of commitments made to social inclusion. Focusing on key issues of quotas for marginalised communities, guarantees of representation, and implementation, he argues that the 2015 Constitution has rowed back on some of the progressive provisions to emerge in the 2007 Constitution. Jha expects continued and sustained opposition to the 2015 Constitution, with many identity groups unhappy with the new statute.
Agreement on a new constitution has been a key objective of the Nepali peace process and a measure of progress on inclusion. Krishna Hachhethu explores the trajectory of constitution-making during the first and second Constituent Assemblies (2008-2012; 2013-2015), leading to the agreement of the 2015 Constitution.
In Nepal, a decade of peace has now followed a decade of war. The task of including different sections of society was central to the peace process, and this Accord tracks how this inclusion has progressed through the country’s post-war transition.