Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
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The Bougainville peace process was filled with interruption and mistrust, but a turning point was reached in 1997 from when a sustained and inclusive process of political negotiations began, culminating in the Bougainville Peace Agreement of 2001. Earlier ‘failed’ talks provided vital experience and paved the way for success. Anthony Regan analyses the four phases of talks: the first focused on the process and on establishing lines of communication and a lasting ceasefire; the second centred on consolidating the process and coalescing various political groups; the third saw substantial political negotiations between the Bougainville parties and with the PNG government; the fourth and ongoing phase being the implementation of the agreement and the drafting of the constitutional laws on autonomy.