Violent conflict remains one of the world's biggest challenges. War shatters communities, forcing people to flee their homes – destroying lives and livelihoods, and blocking access to health and education. The result is a cycle of suffering, poverty, injustice and more violence.
- By January 2015, 38 million people were internally displaced globally due to conflict and violence.
- More than 1.5 billion people live in countries affected by violent conflict.
- The economic cost of violence to the global economy is equivalent to around US$1,350 per person.
- 59 conflicts concluded in the last 30 years: 74.6% with peace agreements, 6.8% with no formal peace agreement and 18.6% through military victory.
Military responses alone do not provide solutions
Worldwide investment in development, diplomacy and peacebuilding falls dramatically behind military expenditure. Globally, we seem unable to protect people, prevent war or resolve conflicts peacefully.
Conflicts are usually viewed in an over-simplistic way. Responses are often crisis-driven and short-term with decisions made remotely, without involving the people affected.
Limited long-term peacebuilding vision
The violation of human rights and civil liberties lies at the heart of many violent conflicts. Unmet social, political and economic needs may provoke opposition and civil unrest.
Simply ending violence is not the same as transforming conflict – without addressing the underlying causes of conflict then violence is likely to occur.
Establishing a sustainable peace often requires a long process of supporting dialogue, repairing relationships, and addressing the root causes of conflict. Working with all those involved in and affected by a conflict is critical to bring about a lasting change.