Resources

Boundaries and demarcation: delimiting and securing Lebanon’s borders

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
General Nizar Kader explores challenges relating to Lebanon’s borders, specifically demarcation of disputed areas like the Chebaa Farms, as well as delineating maritime boundaries in view of recent discoveries of natural gas reserves in the eastern Mediterranean. He describes how porous and disputed borders serve as pretexts for political violence or as channels for illicit arms transfers.

Introduction: peacebuilding in Liberia and Sierra Leone

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Elizabeth Drew and Alexander Ramsbotham introduce the publication and outline some of the challenges facing present day Sierra Leone and Liberia.

Peace matters: transforming resource exploitation in Liberia and Sierra Leone

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Philippe le Billon describes how resources played a significant role in the wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone, yet suggests that formalising extractive sectors can help distance them from violence. Government intervention in Liberia and Sierra Leone suggest that progress has been made on transparency and accountability in these sectors.

Mediating land disputes in Liberia

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Juliette Syn and colleagues describe their work with the Norwegian Refugee Council, offering mediation to address land disputes in Nimba County, Liberia.

Conclusion: consolidating peace

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
This conclusion to Accord 23 makes suggestions for peacebuilding policy and practice. It argues that peacebuilding policy needs to concentrate more on people, and building relationships between communities, and between communities and the state.

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone

Mar 2012

Almost ten years on from the official end of wars in Sierra Leone (2002) and Liberia (2003), attention is shifting from post-war peacebuilding to longer-term development. What headway has been made? What challenges lie ahead? And what lessons that can be learnt?

Section introduction - building peace below the state: cross-border trade and natural resources

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
Diana Klein describes how economic or environmental cooperation across borders in pursuit of a shared goal can open trade channels that contribute to building trust, or establish interdependencies that provide incentives for cooperation and increase the costs of war.

Trade, development and peacebuilding in the African Great Lakes

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
Accord Cross-border peacebuilding: Trade in the African Great Lakes
Nicholas Garret and Laura Seay argue that while mineral extraction and trade is often portrayed as the driver of regional violence in eastern DRC, weak governance is in fact to blame and efforts to suppress the mineral trade ignore its developmental potential.

West African blood diamonds recognise no borders

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
In West Africa, diamonds were valuable assets in the regional conflict system, funding Revolutionary United Front (RUF) rebels in Sierra Leone, and sustaining Charles Taylor’s grip on power in neighbouring Liberia. Alex Vines describes how regulating the ‘blood diamond’ trade through the Kimberley certification scheme has helped to de-link it from a regional war economy. The system is far from perfect, but the industry is in better shape than in the late 1990s.

Cross-border water cooperation and peacebuilding in the Middle East

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
Annika Kramer states that scarce water resources have interacted with asymmetric power relations between Israel, Jordan and the occupied Palestinian territory. She suggests that water cooperation is not only essential for environmental and humanitarian reasons, but could contribute to peacebuilding and human security.

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