Resources

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Choosing to engage: Armed groups and peace processes

May 2005
Accord issue 16 explores the case for engagement with armed groups and the lessons learned from peacemaking practice. Highlighting both opportunities and challenges, it suggests that the range of engagement options and potential interveners makes a strong case for engagement.

Opcinoes de compromiso: Apercamientos con grupos armados en procesos de paz

May 2005
Eligiendo el compromiso: grupos armados y procesos de paz (Accord N°16, 2005) explora casos de compromiso con grupos armados y las lecciones aprendidas para las prácticas de construcción de paz.

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process

Sep 2002

The peace agreement signed in 2001 on the island of Bougainville, Papua New Guinea (PNG), ended the most violent conflict in the South Pacific since World War II. Weaving consensus: the Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process (Accord issue 12, 2002) outlines an extraordinary array of creative initiatives and interventions that succeeded not only in ending the organised violence but brought together Bougainvillean society within a national framework. The process defined a negotiated settlement acceptable to all.

Early interventions

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: Early interventions
Peter Sohia traces how negotiations on Bougainville’s relationship to the PNG government developed from 1980s to the mid-1990s. He argues that, despite their repeated failures, these efforts form part of an important cumulative process towards peace.

The role of the United Nations Observer Mission

Weaving consensus: The Papua New Guinea - Bougainville peace process
Sep 2002
Accord Papua New Guinea: The role of the United Nations Observer Mission
Scott Smith outlines the different phases of the UN Observer Mission for Bougainville’s role, from the monitoring of the ceasefire to the facilitating of talks that lead to the Loloata Understanding and a compromise on Bougainville’s political status.

Safeguarding peace: Cambodia's constitutional challenge

Nov 1998

Accord issue 5, Safeguarding peace: Cambodia's constitutional challenge, examines issues around the signing of the 1991 Paris agreements that officially ended Cambodia’s long war, and the subsequent violent collapse of the country's governing coalition in July 1997.

The experiences suggest the need for rethinking international responses to Cambodia’s problems, with a greater emphasis on monitoring and supporting the functioning of its constitutionally mandated political institutions.

Institutions versus personalities: International peacebuilding dilemmas

Safeguarding peace: Cambodia's constitutional challenge
Nov 1998
Dylan Hendrickson looks at the dilemmas of international assistance in Cambodia, finding that political consensus-building has been hampered by the confusing signals sent out by the international community.

© Conciliation Resources Burghley Yard, 106 Burghley Road, London NW5 1AL
Tel: +44 (0)20 7359 7728  Fax: +44(0)20 7359 4081  Email: cr@c-r.org
Terms and conditions
Charity registered in England and Wales (1055436)
Company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (03196482)