Resources

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (Accord 25)

Apr 2014
Legitimacy matters for peace. It is the basis of the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and their communities. Legitimacy transforms coercive power into political authority and is the bedrock of peaceful societies. Looking at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, this edition in our Accord series focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace.

Policy brief - Legitimacy and peace process: from coercion to consent

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Afghanistan - Local governance, national reconciliation and community reintegration

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Karim Merchant and Ghulam Rasoul Rasouli analyse attempts in Afghanistan to use Community Development Councils (CDCs) to roll out a national reintegration programme for ex-combatants at the local level. The CDCs’ main function is to implement the National Solidarity Program (NSP), established in 2003 as “the largest people’s project in the history of Afghanistan”.

Local governance and peacebuilding: challenges of legitimate representation

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Ken Menkhaus asks how viable it is to mobilise the legitimacy of local leadership for peace. Legitimate representation is difficult to identify in talks to end violent conflict that can include a proliferation of armed groups, severe social and political fragmentation, or communal or criminal violence.

Afghanistan post-2014: reverberations in Kashmir

Apr 2014
This briefing paper is the third in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG), highlighting potential scenarios following the drawdown of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) from Afghanistan this year, and its possible implications for the already fragile Indian-Pakistani dialogue as well intra-Kashmir peacebuliding initiatives. For more information on the background to the Kashmir conflict please see the previous brief in this series.

Institutionalising confidence building measures on Kashmir

Dec 2013
This briefing paper is the second in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group, discussing the need to consolidate confidence building measures across the Line of Control in Kashmir, in order to strengthen the peace process between India and Pakistan.

Background to the Kashmir conflict: challenges and opportunities

Sep 2013

This paper is the first in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG), providing a background to the Kashmir context. The paper reflects on the current landscape in the region, identifies internal and external challenges and opportunities, and offers some suggested points of action in response to these. KIG will produce four policy briefs over the next year based on four issues identified in this paper:

Cross-Line of Control Trade: Peacebuilding and economic potential – Research report

Jun 2013

Since the launch of Cross-Line of Control (LoC) Trade in 2008 significant bodes of research and literature have come from Indian, Pakistani and Western sources but every study has addressed one question or the other but not both together in their entirety.

This particular research work is significant in its many aspects: it explores both peacebuilding and the hard economics of cross-LoC trade.

Crossing the Divide: Professional Fellows Striving for Peace in Kashmir

Mar 2013
Conciliation Resources hosted four Professional Fellows from India and Pakistan in 2012, with the aim of bringing together different sides of the conflict in Jammu and Kashmir. This edition of Commonwealth Scholarships News looks at the experiences of the fellows and how they will turn what they've learned into practical actions for peace.

Escalation of violence across Line of Control: Statement by the Kashmir Initiative Group

Jan 2013

The Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG) views with deep concern the recent breach of peaceful ceasefire along the Line of Control (LoC) in Jammu and Kashmir leading to noticeable diplomatic tension between India and Pakistan.

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