Resources

Brazil - Citizenship, violence and authority in Rio’s favelas

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Joanna Wheeler explores relationships between citizenship, violence and authority in Rio’s favelas in Brazil. Drug trafficking groups and para-state militias have become dominant actors in the city’s informal settlements.

Civil society peacebuilding on Colombia's borders

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders
Jan 2011
Socorro Ramírez shows how the spread of violence across Colombia’s borders has tested diplomatic relations with neighbouring countries. She describes how the impact of cross-border violence is felt most keenly among local communities living in borderlands in Colombia, Venezuela and Ecuador. Civil society has developed links across national boundaries between all three countries to respond directly to peacebuilding priorities in borderlands and to promote better relations between capitals.

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders

Jan 2011
War does not respect political or territorial boundaries. This twenty-second Accord publication looks at how peacebuilding strategies and capacity can ‘think outside the state’: beyond it, through regional engagement, and below it, through cross-border community or trade networks. Edited by Alexander Ramsbotham and I William Zartman, Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders includes 20 case studies from Asia, Europe and the Caucasus, to East, Central and West Africa, Central America and the Middle East. Articles also explore cross-border peacebuilding from global, systems analysis and legal perspectives, and focus on themes ranging from politics, governance and security, social and community relations, and trade and natural resources.

Participant reflections: Col Lysander: Colombia visit: Personal thoughts

Dec 2010
Following an exchange between peace practitioners from Colombia and the Philippines, Col Lysander, a Filipino participant, wrote a paper urging the Colombian military to turn its attention to peace.

Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes

Feb 2004

Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes (Accord issue 14, 2004) is an introduction to more than three decades of peacemaking efforts. It reveals the extraordinary work of civilians at grassroots, regional and national levels, and documents the main features and outcomes of formal peace processes with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), smaller guerrilla groups and more recently the paramilitaries.

Compelled to act: Grassroots peace initiatives

Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes
Feb 2004
Peace in Colombia will require not only peace accords but also social inclusion and participation at community level. Drawing on three examples of grassroots peace initiative, Esperanza Hernández Delgado offers a typology of initiatives and their different characteristics.

Alternativas a la guerra: Iniciativas y procesos de paz en Colombia

Feb 2004
Alternativas a la guerra: Iniciativas y procesos de paz en Colombia (Accord N°14, 2004) es una introducción a más de tres décadas de esfuerzos en la construcción de paz. Revela el asombroso trabajo de civiles en las regiones y a nivel nacional, y documenta los principales rasgos y resultados de los procesos formales de paz con las Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC), El Ejercito de Liberación Nacional (ELN), otros grupos guerrilleros más pequeños, y más recientemente los paramilitares.

Obligados a actuar: Iniciativas de paz desde la base en Colombia

Alternativas a la guerra: iniciativas y procesos de paz en Colombia
Feb 2004
La paz en Colombia requiere no sólo los acuerdos de paz sino también la inclusión social y la participación a nivel comunitario. Sobre la base de tres ejemplos de iniciativa de paz a través del trabajo de base, Esperanza Hernández Delgado ofrece una tipología de las iniciativas y sus diferentes características.

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