Resources

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Angola, imperfect peace

Jan 2005
In this article published by Developments magazine, Huw Spanner looks at Conciliation Resources' report on Angola's civil war and says that several of the important lessons within it can be applied to other African conflicts.

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process

Oct 2004

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process (Accord issue 15, 2004) asks ‘what next?’ for a nation that has secured a ‘military peace’ but still faces huge challenges in post-conflict peacebuilding and a secessionist war in Cabinda. It provides lessons from Angola’s history of conflict and peacemaking, and reviews past peace processes and the roles played by Angolan civil society, institutions such as the United Nations and foreign governments.

Why did Bicesse and Lusaka fail? A critical analysis

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process
Oct 2004
Christine Messiant examines why the Bicesse (1991) and Lusaka (1994) peace agreements failed to end the Angolan conflict. She finds that neither side (nor their international backers) envisioned the processes as a means to peace but rather to acquiring state power.

Alternative voices: The Angolan peace movement

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process
Oct 2004
Michael Comerford argues that the emergence of new civil society actors after 1998 was of huge significance in the context of Angola’s polarised, violent and undemocratic past. Churches, media and civic organisations have come to represent a ‘third national voice’.

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process (Portuguese)

Oct 2004

From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process (Accord issue 15, 2004) asks ‘what next?’ for a nation that has secured a ‘military peace’ but still faces huge challenges in post-conflict peacebuilding and a secessionist war in Cabinda. It provides lessons from Angola’s history of conflict and peacemaking, and reviews past peace processes and the roles played by Angolan civil society, institutions such as the United Nations and foreign governments.

Workshop report: mechanisms for political participation of the public in peacemaking

Feb 2002
This report from a joint analysis workshop on mechanisms for political participation of the public in the peace processes in Colombia, Guatemala, Mali, Northern Ireland, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Somalia, and South Africa summarises the discussions that took place and describes key issues and examples from specific experiences.

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