Resources

Afghanistan - Local governance, national reconciliation and community reintegration

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Karim Merchant and Ghulam Rasoul Rasouli analyse attempts in Afghanistan to use Community Development Councils (CDCs) to roll out a national reintegration programme for ex-combatants at the local level. The CDCs’ main function is to implement the National Solidarity Program (NSP), established in 2003 as “the largest people’s project in the history of Afghanistan”.

Burma - national dialogue: armed groups, contested legitimacy and political transition

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Harn Yawngwhe explores the genesis of the national dialogue process in Burma. Peacebuilding in Burma has a daunting agenda to accommodate an array of competing claimants to legitimacy, including the government and the army, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, political parties, civil society, ethnic entities, and more than 18 ethnic armed groups.

Indonesia - Asia’s perestroika: regime change and transition from within

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Agus Wandi and Nezar Patria discuss Asian perestroika in Indonesia. Years of reformist mobilisation underpinned the collapse of President Suharto’s New Order dictatorship in 1998 – ultimately sparked by the Asian economic crisis.

Déclaration conjointe sur la crise persistante dans les zones affectées par la LRA

Oct 2013

En Septembre 2013 un groupe d’experts de notre programme d’Afrique de l’Est et Centrale s’est réuni à Bruxelles avec des organisations de la société civile de la région ainsi que des collègues de plusieurs ONG internationales. 

Des discussions à propos des développements récentes du conflit avec l’Armée de Résistance du Seigneur, et le progrès à l’égard de la surveillance des interventions a entrainer une déclaration conjointe qui souligne les priorités les plus urgentes en abordant la crise persistante dans les zones touchés par la LRA.

Renewed military operations in DRC could impact demobilisation & return activities

May 2013

We, Congolese civil society organization in LRA affected areas, have recently been informed that MONUSCO Ituri Brigade wants to launch in three weeks' time a military offensive operations against the LRA in Garamba National Park. There are currently DDR efforts to help defection of a large group of LRA. We fear this military intervention would jeopardize current and future initiatives to encourage defection and return of LRA abductees, which can in turn help end the violence. 

Les opérations militaires dans la zone affectée par la LRA en RDC risquent de menacer les initiatives de DDR en cours

May 2013

Nous, les Organisations de la Société Civile dans la zone affectée par la LRA, avons été récemment informées que la BRIGADE ITURI de la MONUSCO planifie une offensive militaire contre la LRA dans le Parc national de la Garamba dans trois semaines. Il y a actuellement une initiative pour faciliter le retour d‘un groupe de rescapés de la LRA. Nous craignons que cette intervention militaire mette en péril les initiatives présentes et futures visant à encourager la défection et le retour des hommes, femmes et enfants kidnappés par la LRA.

Ex-militia fighters in post-war Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Dima de Clerck reviews post-war rehabilitation of demobilised Lebanese militia, describing how this has been piecemeal, selective and politicised. Many former fighters remain unemployed and have been left to deal with the psychosocial scars of wartime violence. The fact that a new post-war generation of youth is being recruited through a heroic imagining of the war highlights the dangers of neglecting rehabilitation of ex-fighters.

Displacement, return and reconciliation in Mount Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Mass displacement during the war resulted in ‘confessional cleansing’ in many areas. Aïda Kanafani-Zahar looks at state returnee policy in the Mount Lebanon region, which claimed to prioritise reconciliation between Christian and Druze to prevent cyclical violence, but in fact has left little room for victims’ testimony or memories. Broader goals of ‘pacification’ and a communal rather than individual rationale have fuelled sectarianism and fed into national-level power struggles.

Militant Islam and jihad in Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Shia and Sunni militancy are increasing sources of tension in Lebanon. Bernard Rougier reflects on their evolution, domestic constituencies, regional ties and international drivers and catalysts. Meanwhile developments in Syria also exacerbate friction. More accurate and deeper analysis of the intricacies of these relationships would help to clarify distinctions between social ties, identity values and interests of political entrepreneurs. Combined with the development of communication between the relevant leaders in Lebanon, this could facilitate better understanding as a basis for peacebuilding.

Israel and peace in Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Ghassan El-Ezzi examines Lebanese-Israeli relations from a Lebanese perspective. He details barriers to achieving peace – or even to opening talks – between Lebanon and Israel, looking at internal divisions and Syrian influence in Lebanon, as well as prevailing Lebanese opinion of Israel as a military power with designs on key Lebanese resources. El-Ezzi further explores relations between Lebanon’s national security and Hezbollah’s ‘resistance’ role.

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