Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (Accord 25)

Apr 2014
Legitimacy matters for peace. It is the basis of the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and their communities. Legitimacy transforms coercive power into political authority and is the bedrock of peaceful societies. Looking at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, this edition in our Accord series focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace.

Policy brief - Legitimacy and peace process: from coercion to consent

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Introduction: Legitimacy and peace processes

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Accord 25 co-editors Achim Wennmann and Alexander Ramsbotham provide an introduction to the publication, offering a brief elaboration on its structure and concept, and introducing the focus of the publication's subsequent articles.

What is legitimacy and why does it matter for peace?

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Kevin Clements opens the publication by exploring why legitimacy matters for peace, reviewing the rich and long intellectual tradition of political legitimacy.

Fiji - The constitutional process: a view from the Fiji Women’s Rights Movement

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Virisila Buadromo describes the constitutional process in Fiji in 2012, and in particular the experiences of the women’s movement and civil society in engaging with it. The women’s movement had initially feared that involvement in a weak constitutional process risked legitimising a flawed outcome.

Tutaka: CCF Fiji newsletter

Jul 2013

The quarterly newsletter of the Citizens' Constitutional Forum, Fiji

Volume 7, Issue 2: June 2013 - download full PDF via link above

Event: Fiji’s constitutional stand-off – consequences for inter-ethnic relations

Apr 2013

This seminar in London on Wednesday 24 April 2013 will bring together policymakers, academics and representatives of non-governmental organisations with a special interest in Fiji.

The findings of CCF and MRG's new report Fiji: the Challenges and Opportunities of Diversity – based on field research into ethnic relations and anti-discrimination measures in Fiji – will be presented at the event.

The Taif Agreement

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Karam Karam explains how both the content and implementation of the 1989 Taif peace agreement have precluded genuine political reform or social change, due to structural defects including: flawed revision of confessional power sharing arrangements and a dysfunctional executive Troika; surrendering core state responsibilities to Syrian tutelage; guaranteeing power to warlords; and the marginalisation of key social issues. Karam suggests constructive lessons for the future, based on a framework of political decentralisation and balanced reform ‘packages’ as part of a clear, incremental strategy.

Consensus democracy and representation in Lebanon

Positive peace for Lebanon: reconciliation, reform and resilience
Jul 2012
Lebanon’s convoluted consociational political system is associated with many of the country’s political problems. Ziad Majed unpacks its intricacies and impediments, explaining how its apparent intent to guarantee participation in state institutions through consensus and inclusion has in fact obstructed reform, empowering elites that are resistant to change.

Report: Dialogue series no. 1: Christine Bell

Apr 2011
Professor Bell discussed constitutional reform, human rights and women's participation in peace processes with peace panels, lawmakers, academics, embassies and civil society. This report by Conciliation Resources summarises the key messages from her discussions.


© Conciliation Resources Burghley Yard, 106 Burghley Road, London NW5 1AL
Tel: +44 (0)20 7359 7728  Fax: +44(0)20 7359 4081  Email:
Terms and conditions
Charity registered in England and Wales (1055436)
Company limited by guarantee registered in England and Wales (03196482)