Resources

Foreword

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Said Djinnit welcomes the publication of Accord 23 on Liberia and Sierra and stresses that, whilst gains have been made in both countries, Liberia and Sierra Leone still lack capability to respond to the many challenges they face.

Introduction: peacebuilding in Liberia and Sierra Leone

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Elizabeth Drew and Alexander Ramsbotham introduce the publication and outline some of the challenges facing present day Sierra Leone and Liberia.

The UN Peacebuilding Commission and Liberia's transition

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
In an interview with Accord, Ambassador Prince Zeid of Jordan, Chair of the Liberia Configuration of the UN Peacebuilding Commission (PBC) highlights UN priorities for Liberia: security sector reform, rule of law and national reconciliation.

Regional civil society peacebuilding in West Africa

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
Emmanuel Bombande describes how he co-founded the West Africa Network for Peacebuilding (WANEP), the reasons for which it was created, and the ways in which WANEP works with local and regional actors to build peace in the region.

Fambul Tok: reconciling communities in Sierra Leone

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
John Caulker describes the creation of Fambul Tok in Sierra Leone in 2008, and promotes the importance of locally led, self-sustaining, community reconciliation in light of the poorly implemented provisions of the Sierra Leonean Truth and Reconciliation Commission.

Conclusion: consolidating peace

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone
Mar 2012
This conclusion to Accord 23 makes suggestions for peacebuilding policy and practice. It argues that peacebuilding policy needs to concentrate more on people, and building relationships between communities, and between communities and the state.

Consolidating peace: Liberia and Sierra Leone

Mar 2012

Almost ten years on from the official end of wars in Sierra Leone (2002) and Liberia (2003), attention is shifting from post-war peacebuilding to longer-term development. What headway has been made? What challenges lie ahead? And what lessons that can be learnt?

People's peacemaking perspectives: Liberia et Sierra Leone - Synthèse

Nov 2011
Depuis la conclusion officielle des conflits à la Sierra Leone et au Liberia, les deux pays font des progrès. Pourtant, le conflit persiste aux deux pays dans des formes à la fois familiales et nouvelles. Cette synthèse représentent un assortiment des thèmes proéminents relatif à la construction de la paix qui ont sorti d’ateliers et d’entretiens effectués à la Sierra Leone et au Liberia avec la société civile, les représentants communautaires et une variété d’acteurs supplémentaires.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

International interventions in Côte d'Ivoire: In search of a point of leverage

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Mike McGovern argues that the threat of international prosecution or the use of UN sanctions have achieved a certain success in limiting the damage of the war Côte d'Ivoire, but attempts to engineer a political solution via a series of peace accords and coercive Security Council resolutions have largely failed.

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