Resources

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (Accord 25)

Apr 2014
Legitimacy matters for peace. It is the basis of the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and their communities. Legitimacy transforms coercive power into political authority and is the bedrock of peaceful societies. Looking at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, this edition in our Accord series focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace.

Policy brief - Legitimacy and peace process: from coercion to consent

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Afghanistan - Local governance, national reconciliation and community reintegration

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Karim Merchant and Ghulam Rasoul Rasouli analyse attempts in Afghanistan to use Community Development Councils (CDCs) to roll out a national reintegration programme for ex-combatants at the local level. The CDCs’ main function is to implement the National Solidarity Program (NSP), established in 2003 as “the largest people’s project in the history of Afghanistan”.

Institutionalising confidence building measures on Kashmir

Dec 2013
This briefing paper is the second in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group, discussing the need to consolidate confidence building measures across the Line of Control in Kashmir, in order to strengthen the peace process between India and Pakistan.

Background to the Kashmir conflict: challenges and opportunities

Sep 2013

This paper is the first in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG), providing a background to the Kashmir context. The paper reflects on the current landscape in the region, identifies internal and external challenges and opportunities, and offers some suggested points of action in response to these. KIG will produce four policy briefs over the next year based on four issues identified in this paper:

Cross-Line of Control Trade: Peacebuilding and economic potential – Research report

Jun 2013

Since the launch of Cross-Line of Control (LoC) Trade in 2008 significant bodes of research and literature have come from Indian, Pakistani and Western sources but every study has addressed one question or the other but not both together in their entirety.

This particular research work is significant in its many aspects: it explores both peacebuilding and the hard economics of cross-LoC trade.

Educational opportunities: Cooperation across the Line of Control in Kashmir

Dec 2010
'Interaction on education could serve as a catalyst for stabilisation in Kashmir'. This study, by Ambassador (Rtd) Arif Kamal and Dr Siddiq Wahid, explores the scope for such cooperation across the Line of Control.

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