Resources

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent (Accord 25)

Apr 2014
Legitimacy matters for peace. It is the basis of the social and political deals between states and citizens, and local leaders and their communities. Legitimacy transforms coercive power into political authority and is the bedrock of peaceful societies. Looking at 15 country case studies at various stages of conflict, this edition in our Accord series focuses on legitimacy and the practical ways that it can contribute to building more sustainable peace.

Policy brief - Legitimacy and peace process: from coercion to consent

Apr 2014
This 6-page policy brief summarises the findings of Accord 25 - Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent. It argues that a legitimacy lens should be applied to peace processes by paying attention to priorities of context, consent and change.

Afghanistan - Local governance, national reconciliation and community reintegration

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Karim Merchant and Ghulam Rasoul Rasouli analyse attempts in Afghanistan to use Community Development Councils (CDCs) to roll out a national reintegration programme for ex-combatants at the local level. The CDCs’ main function is to implement the National Solidarity Program (NSP), established in 2003 as “the largest people’s project in the history of Afghanistan”.

Burma - national dialogue: armed groups, contested legitimacy and political transition

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Harn Yawngwhe explores the genesis of the national dialogue process in Burma. Peacebuilding in Burma has a daunting agenda to accommodate an array of competing claimants to legitimacy, including the government and the army, Daw Aung San Suu Kyi’s National League for Democracy, political parties, civil society, ethnic entities, and more than 18 ethnic armed groups.

Indonesia - Asia’s perestroika: regime change and transition from within

Legitimacy and peace processes: from coercion to consent
Apr 2014

Agus Wandi and Nezar Patria discuss Asian perestroika in Indonesia. Years of reformist mobilisation underpinned the collapse of President Suharto’s New Order dictatorship in 1998 – ultimately sparked by the Asian economic crisis.

Institutionalising confidence building measures on Kashmir

Dec 2013
This briefing paper is the second in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group, discussing the need to consolidate confidence building measures across the Line of Control in Kashmir, in order to strengthen the peace process between India and Pakistan.

Déclaration conjointe sur la crise persistante dans les zones affectées par la LRA

Oct 2013

En Septembre 2013 un groupe d’experts de notre programme d’Afrique de l’Est et Centrale s’est réuni à Bruxelles avec des organisations de la société civile de la région ainsi que des collègues de plusieurs ONG internationales. 

Des discussions à propos des développements récentes du conflit avec l’Armée de Résistance du Seigneur, et le progrès à l’égard de la surveillance des interventions a entrainer une déclaration conjointe qui souligne les priorités les plus urgentes en abordant la crise persistante dans les zones touchés par la LRA.

Background to the Kashmir conflict: challenges and opportunities

Sep 2013

This paper is the first in a series from the Kashmir Initiative Group (KIG), providing a background to the Kashmir context. The paper reflects on the current landscape in the region, identifies internal and external challenges and opportunities, and offers some suggested points of action in response to these. KIG will produce four policy briefs over the next year based on four issues identified in this paper:

La sécurité dans les communautés frontalières de la région de l’Union du fleuve Mano

Aug 2013

La manière dont les relations ethniques, culturelles et sociales s'étendent à travers les frontières nationales fait partie de la richesse de la région du fleuve Mano, mais elle a également contribué à l'expérience complexe et conflictuelle de la région ces deux dernières décennies.

Cette publication de recherche, crée en partenariat avec les ONG locales et les communautés frontalières des pays du fleuve Mano, a pour but de sensibiliser le public aux questions liées à l'insécurité communautaire aux frontières et aux moyens d'améliorer les politiques.

Cross-Line of Control Trade: Peacebuilding and economic potential – Research report

Jun 2013

Since the launch of Cross-Line of Control (LoC) Trade in 2008 significant bodes of research and literature have come from Indian, Pakistani and Western sources but every study has addressed one question or the other but not both together in their entirety.

This particular research work is significant in its many aspects: it explores both peacebuilding and the hard economics of cross-LoC trade.

Pages

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