Resources

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders

Jan 2011
War does not respect political or territorial boundaries. This twenty-second Accord publication looks at how peacebuilding strategies and capacity can ‘think outside the state’: beyond it, through regional engagement, and below it, through cross-border community or trade networks. Edited by Alexander Ramsbotham and I William Zartman, Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders includes 20 case studies from Asia, Europe and the Caucasus, to East, Central and West Africa, Central America and the Middle East. Articles also explore cross-border peacebuilding from global, systems analysis and legal perspectives, and focus on themes ranging from politics, governance and security, social and community relations, and trade and natural resources.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Introduction to the Sri Lanka case study

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
This short article provides a brief introduction and background to the four articles on Sri Lanka that follow.

Choosing to engage: Armed groups and peace processes

May 2005
Accord issue 16 explores the case for engagement with armed groups and the lessons learned from peacemaking practice. Highlighting both opportunities and challenges, it suggests that the range of engagement options and potential interveners makes a strong case for engagement.

Opcinoes de compromiso: Apercamientos con grupos armados en procesos de paz

May 2005
Eligiendo el compromiso: grupos armados y procesos de paz (Accord N°16, 2005) explora casos de compromiso con grupos armados y las lecciones aprendidas para las prácticas de construcción de paz.

Asymmetries in the peace process: The Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Choosing to engage: Armed groups and peace processes
May 2005
LTTE advisor Rudrakumaran argues that the international climate in which negotiations take place is biased in favour of states. Anti-terrorist legislation has erected artificial power asymmetries, limiting the LTTE’s involvement in peace talks.

Demanding sacrifice: War and negotiation in Sri Lanka

Aug 1998

Accord 4, Demanding sacrifice: War and negotiation in Sri Lanka, outlines the cycles of violent conflict that have Sri Lanka since 1983. It analyses negotiations and other peace initiatives that took place between 1993 and 1998 and summarises basic concerns that must be confronted if a future peace settlement is to be achieved.

The publication features background articles and analysis on government peace strategies, constitutional reform, and popular Buddhist and Tamil aspirations.

Historical context: Accord Sri Lanka

Demanding sacrifice: War and negotiation in Sri Lanka
Aug 1998
Elizabeth Nissan explores the historical background of the Sri Lankan conflict from its pre-colonial roots to the beginning of the second Eelam in the 1990s.

Self-determination: A Ceylon Tamil perspective

Demanding sacrifice: War and negotiation in Sri Lanka
Aug 1998
Accord Sri Lanka: Self determination
Sachithanandam Sathananthan gives a Ceylon Tamil perspective on the conflict, arguing that the continued refusal by the Sinhalese-controlled government to concede national rights to Tamils is to blame for the continued violence.

Popular Buddhism, politics and the ethnic problem

Demanding sacrifice: War and negotiation in Sri Lanka
Aug 1998
Accord Sri Lanka: Popular buddhism
Priyath Liyange discusses Buddhism’s relationship to politics in post-colonial Sri Lanka, arguing that its non-violent dimensions are more influential than Sinhala nationalist attempts to exaggerate the existential threat to Buddhism.

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