A case study report focusing on the peacebuilding perspectives of people living in the Mano River Union (Libera, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Cote d'Ivoire), Nigeria (Plateau and Niger Delta States) and Casamance (Senegal, Guinea-Bissau, Gambia).
À L’Afrique de l’ouest, les conflits ont souvent un impact sous-régional, ou se dispersent à des pays voisins. Cette synthèse vise à informer l’analyse et la programmation de l’Union Européen (UE), en présentant les points de vue des populations locaux et leurs représentatives aux niveaux locale et nationale, à propos des défis clés auxquelles les pays de la région font face.
In West Africa, conflicts have often had a sub-regional impact or spilled over to neighbouring countries through ethnic relations, allegiances and economic interests across borders, movements of fighters between conflicts, or the mass influx of refugees fleeing violence. Findings and recommendations in this brief aim to inform the EU's analysis and programming by presenting the reflections of local people and their state and non-state representatives on some of the key challenges facing countries in the region.
Security policymakers and community representatives from the Mano River Union made joint recommendations for improving cooperation at a conference in Sierra Leone. This report by Conciliation Resources summarises the discussions.
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.
Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Mike McGovern argues that the threat of international prosecution or the use of UN sanctions have achieved a certain success in limiting the damage of the war Côte d'Ivoire, but attempts to engineer a political solution via a series of peace accords and coercive Security Council resolutions have largely failed.
Michael Hammer of Conciliation Resources emphasises in this presentation about peace monitoring, 'the work of actually building peace is being done, and needs to be done, by Sierra Leoneans, Liberians, Guineans and Ivorians themselves.