Resources

Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders

Jan 2011
War does not respect political or territorial boundaries. This twenty-second Accord publication looks at how peacebuilding strategies and capacity can ‘think outside the state’: beyond it, through regional engagement, and below it, through cross-border community or trade networks. Edited by Alexander Ramsbotham and I William Zartman, Paix sans frontières: building peace across borders includes 20 case studies from Asia, Europe and the Caucasus, to East, Central and West Africa, Central America and the Middle East. Articles also explore cross-border peacebuilding from global, systems analysis and legal perspectives, and focus on themes ranging from politics, governance and security, social and community relations, and trade and natural resources.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

The isolation of Abkhazia: A failed policy or an opportunity?

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Archil Gegeshidze explores the Georgian government's strategy of isolating Abkhazia and discusses the possible ways out of the current limbo.

Sanctions and the path away from peace

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
In arguing that Georgia and other international actors have misjudged the consequences of the policy of isolating Abkhazia, Liana Kvarchelia describes the sanctions imposed, the effects of Russia's easing of restrictions, and the resulting changes in Abkhazian attitudes.

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