Conflict in Tajikistan began to escalate during the break-up of the Soviet Union. By 1992 this Central Asian republic was engulfed in civil war. After more than three years of peace talks, a power-sharing agreement was signed in June 1997, establishing a joint Commission for National Reconciliation to oversee its implementation. By 2000, the Tajikistani government and the United Nations had declared the peace process a success.
Introducing the Tajikistan issue of Accord, Catherine Barnes and Kamoludin Abdullaev highlight the aspects of the process covered in the publication, including how multiple primary and secondary parties were successfully coordinated in the peace process.
Olivier Roy considers the inter-regional dynamics of the Tajik civil war, noting how strong traditional networks of solidarity (or clans) interacted with the political and administrative structures of the Soviet Union.