Indigenous women and Colombia's peace process

This report explores the historic experience of indigenous women in Colombia – a group usually absent from political decision-making processes – and how formal and customary institutions impact their inclusion in Colombia’s political settlement. It charts the emergence of different pathways for change for indigenous women, including the evolution of women’s engagement in the Colombian peace process as well as the inclusion of gender and ethnic minority issues in negotiations. The report looks at how the peace process is an opportunity for indigenous women to play a key role in peacebuilding and the reconfiguration of the political settlement in Colombia.

Gender and Nepal's transition from war

This report reflects discussions from a gender workshop held in Nepal, which explored gender relations, equality and Nepal’s transition from war. Focus areas include: affirmative gender action in the transition, gender perspectives on security sector reform, access to justice and political participation; gendered perspectives of marginalised groups, and how different identities intersect. A short case study of the period of intense political change that followed the 2015 earthquakes in Nepal provides an illustrative, contemporary example of opportunities and challenges.

From cooperation to contention

This publication examines the increasing incidence of violent conflict between pastoralists and farmers in Nigeria. It looks at how previous cooperative relationships have broken down in many communities resulting in unprecedented levels of killing and destruction. The report explores the challenges to developing conflict prevention mechanisms, including the layers of political unsettlement that exist at local, state and federal levels, and identifies potential entry points for local conflict resolution.

Bringing in the margins

This report summarises discussions from a workshop to explore sub-state political settlements in conflict-affected borderlands and the possibilities for more effective and inclusive peacebuilding interventions. It looks at four key themes: concepts of borderlands, inclusion and political settlement; the particular types of violence, (in)security, governance and authority that emerge in borderlands; the challenges of working in borderlands, and innovative methods and tools to better engage with their dynamics; and peacebuilding responses and practice in borderland spaces.

Making Nepal look like Nepal: conversation with Manjushree Thapa

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
Nepali women sitting together
In conversation with Deepak Thapa, Nepali author Manjushree Thapa explains how recent progress on federalism and provisions for inclusion at all levels of government has suddenly opened up political space to new constituencies. But this has left a ‘capacity-gap’ as new appointees lack relevant experience. Manjushree Thapa stresses that the first Constituent Assembly was the most ‘intelligent body of governance Nepal has ever had because it was so inclusive’. The potential is there in the new local and provincial governments, but needs more support.

Creating space for inclusion in Nepal: conversation with Minendra Rijal

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
In conversation with Deepak Thapa, Minendra Rijal, MP, one of the architects of the mixed electoral system in Nepal to promote social and gender diversity, asserts that at the end of the war, the Nepali state allowed the Maoist leaders to largely determine the content of the peace agreement so they could convince their cadres to engage with the process. Since then, violence has ended and there is broad political consensus on many major issues – so looking back, the compromises seem worth it.

Inclusion amid fragmentation: the Mai-Mai in the DRC

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
Judith Verweijen looks at Mai-Mai armed groups in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo and how their limited inclusion in the country’s peace processes has contributed to their fragmentation and ultimate proliferation.

Key texts

Navigating inclusion in peace processes

Key texts drawn from the Accord 28 Navigating inclusion in peace processes.

Conclusion: keeping the process open

Navigating inclusion in peace processes
Andy Carl closes the publication with a summary of key findings and conclusions. He reminds the reader that 'in every context there is a need to reach a basic working consensus about what inclusion could look like in practice' but that whilst 'effectiveness does not mean including all of the people all of the time... decisions on participation should be carefully considered as the cost of exclusion can have long-term and unintended consequences'.
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