Key texts and agreements: Accord Nagorny Karabakh

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Key texts and agreements: Accord Nagorny Karabakh

A selection of texts and agreements from the Nagorny Karabakh conflict and peace process. 

The politics of non-recognition and democratisation

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: The politics of non-recognition and democratisation
The international community has largely rejected engagement with de facto states like Nagorny Karabakh, who in turn use the language of democratisation to further their claims to independence. Laurence Broers describes the factors working for and against genuine democratisation in Karabakh.

New structures, old foundations: State capacities for peace

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: New structures, old foundations
Hratch Tchilingirian examines the democratic deficits in Armenia and Azerbaijan. He addresses the problem of weak institutions and describes the way the ‘Karabakh factor’ has played out in Armenian politics to restrict credible alternatives for the peace process.

The Karabakh conflict and democratisation in Azerbaijan

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Jan 2006
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: The Karabakh conflict and democratisation in Azerbaijan
Rasim Musabayov describes the political crises that gripped newly independent Azerbaijan during the war and the relative stability that followed. He shows how political elites have sought to use public preoccupation with the Karabakh issue to their own advantage.

The cost of stalemate: Economic aspects of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: The cost of stalemate
Phil Champain surveys the economic dimensions of the Karabakh conflict, discussing the economic leverage each side can bring to bear in the ongoing diplomatic struggle and reviewing the conflict-related problems posed by the rise of unregulated cross-border trade networks.

War, social change and 'no war, no peace' syndromes in Azerbaijani and Armenian societies

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: War, social change and ‘no war, no peace’ syndromes
In reviewing social changes in Azerbaijan and Armenian, Baghdasarian and Yunusov describe the ‘no war, no peace syndromes’ related to the current impasse. These include stalled democratic development, taboos against questioning militarism, and the internalisation of ‘victim’ and ‘victor’ identities.

Between freedom and taboo: Media coverage of the Karabakh conflict

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: Between freedom and taboo
Grigoryan and Rzayev chart the development of the Azerbaijani and Armenian media in relation to the Nagorny Karabakh conflict. The media in either country has yet to secure the autonomy necessary to engage their societies constructively on the peace process.

Bridging divides: Civil society peacebuilding initiatives

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: Bridging divides
Hasanov and Ishkanian summarise the weaknesses and contributions of NGOs in maintaining dialogue, promoting human rights and facilitating civic contact across the conflict divide. They argue that civil society should act as a conduit for wider participation in the peace process.

A last chance for peace?

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: A last chance for peace?
In late 2005 Armenia and Azerbaijan had apparently accepted a phased approach to a peace deal. Sabine Freizer explains how the momentum was lost, arguing that both sides must recognise their interest in reaching a settlement before it is too late.

Self-regulating ceasefire

The limits of leadership: Elites and societies in the Nagorny Karabakh peace process
Dec 2005
Accord Nagorny Karabakh: Self-regulating ceasefire
For more than a decade the line of contact separating Azerbaijan and Armenian-controlled Nagorny Karabakh has been observed by all parties without external peacekeepers. Oksana Antonenko describes how this situation arose and the role of peacekeepers in any future agreement.