Regional/International involvement

EU incentives for promoting peace

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Nathalie Tocci discusses three mechanisms through which EU contractual relations can incentivise conflict resolution – conditionality, learning and 'passive enforcement' – and identifies three main determinants of effectiveness. At the end of the article is the story of Cyprus’s accession to the EU and demise of the ‘Annan plan’ which proposed the creation of a united Cyprus Republic.

Colombia

Forty years of armed conflict have created a horrific legacy of violence and suffering in Colombia. Yet they have also resulted in a wealth of imaginative peace initiatives by people and institutions throughout society and across the political spectrum.

Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes

Feb 2004

Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes (Accord issue 14, 2004) is an introduction to more than three decades of peacemaking efforts. It reveals the extraordinary work of civilians at grassroots, regional and national levels, and documents the main features and outcomes of formal peace processes with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), the National Liberation Army (ELN), smaller guerrilla groups and more recently the paramilitaries.

Harnessing incentives for peace: An interview with Alvaro de Soto

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
In this interview, experienced UN peacemaker Alvaro de Soto reflects on the roles incentives and pressure in peace processes in El Salvador, Cyprus and the Middle East. At the end is a short description of the UN-mediated settlement of the conflict in El Salvador, noting in particular the role played by the USA’s Dodd-Leahy bill.

Harnessing incentives for peace: An interview with Alvaro de Soto

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Accord Incentives: Harnessing incentives for peace
In this interview, experienced UN peacemaker Alvaro de Soto reflects on the roles incentives and pressure in peace processes in El Salvador, Cyprus and the Middle East.

Orchestrating international action

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Teresa Whitfield explores the ways in which coordination between external actors can result in a coherent application of policy instruments, reviewing various informal structures and coordination mechanisms and the circumstances in which they can succeed.

Incentives and sanctions in peace processes

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking
Feb 2008
Aaron Griffiths and Catherine Barnes examine the policy instruments that can be harnessed as sanctions and incentives to support peacemaking and suggest some determinants of their effectiveness.

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Incentives, sanctions and conditionality

Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour.

But do such policy instruments underpin or undermine peace processes? How can they constructively influence conflict parties' engagement in peacemaking initiatives?

Private sector peacemaking: business and reconstruction in Somalia

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
Questioning the international focus on politics and statebuilding as prerequisites for economic recovery, Lee Cassanelli identifies in private sector-led economic recovery the potential to alter Somalia’s current political trajectory.

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