Regional/International involvement

Powers of persuasion: Incentives, sanctions and conditionality in peacemaking

Feb 2008
Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour. Drawing on case studies from around the world, Accord issue 19 suggests that while these instruments have in some cases helped tip the balance towards settlement, in many others they been ineffective, incoherent or subsumed into the dynamics of the conflict.

Incentives, sanctions and conditionality

Faced with the problem of how to respond to the challenges of intra-state armed conflict, international policymakers often turn to incentives, sanctions and conditionality in the hope that these tools can alter the conflict dynamics and influence the protagonists' behaviour.

But do such policy instruments underpin or undermine peace processes? How can they constructively influence conflict parties' engagement in peacemaking initiatives?

Private sector peacemaking: business and reconstruction in Somalia

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
Questioning the international focus on politics and statebuilding as prerequisites for economic recovery, Lee Cassanelli identifies in private sector-led economic recovery the potential to alter Somalia’s current political trajectory.

Getting engaged? The United Nations and Somalia: a conversation with Charles Petrie

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
The UN Deputy Special Representative of the Secretary General for Somalia reflects on the changing character of UN intervention and the importance of partnership with Somalis and other international organisations.

The role of civil society (1999)

Striking a balance: The Northern Ireland peace process
Dec 1999
Clem McCartney reviews the development, role and achievements of civil society in Northern Ireland during the conflict, from the flowering of local community activity in the 1970s to the establishment of the Civic Forum after the Belfast Agreement.

The regional concertations process: Engaging the public

Owning the process: Public participation in peacemaking
Dec 2002
In 1994, Mali’s President Alpha Oumar Konaré initiated a series of countrywide open public meetings or ‘regional concertations’. Kåre Lode argues that the meetings laid the foundations for the successful inter-community meetings that followed.

Political representation in Somalia: citizenship, clanism and territoriality

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
Markus Hoehne examines Somali notions of ‘belonging’ and reviews political representation in internationally-mediated peace conferences and local political representation in Sool region.

Somali peace agreements: fuelling factionalism

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
Warsan Cismaan Saalax and Abdulaziz Ali Ibrahim ‘Xildhiban’ discuss the recurrent dilemma of how to determine legitimate and authoritative representation in formal peace talks and in government.

An African solution to Somalia? A conversation with Nicolas Bwakira

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
The Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission for Somalia discusses the role that the AU Mission in Somalia is playing in support of Somalia’s transitional government.

Regional engagement in Somalia: a conversation with HE Engineer Mahboub M. Maalim

Whose peace is it anyway? Connecting Somali and international peacemaking
Feb 2010
Executive Secretary HE Eng. Mahboub M. Maalim describes why and how IGAD has supported peace and statebuilding in Somalia.

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