Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes
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A successful peace process in Colombia will need to address issues that date back 50 years as well as newer features such as drug trafficking and kidnapping. Daniel García-Peña explores two historical models of negotiations associated with Presidents Betancur and Barco and how they have been applied by other administrations. Learning from these experiences, he argues a new model must include: an active and meaningful role for civil society; the institutionalisation of a state (rather than presidential) policy for peace; human rights and the application of International Humanitarian Law; the coordination of negotiations with the FARC and with ELN; a redefinition of the social and political reforms needed; a lasting solution to paramilitary violence; and an active role for the international community.