From military peace to social justice? The Angolan peace process
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The ‘curse’ of Angola’s resource wealth is that weak state institutions have been unable to contain the potential for conflict and corruption. Tony Hodges argues that diamonds and oil were not the cause of the conflict but became the prize to be won and the means to victory. Today, a government widely considered corrupt spends more on the military than public services, while oil production continues to be at the centre of the conflict in Cabinda. Yet, if managed transparently and well, natural resource wealth could be used to reconstruct the country and tackle poverty. International efforts have been made to address transparency in the oil industry, corporate social responsibility and conflict diamonds, but real change can only come from within Angola.