Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes.
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More than forty years of war demonstrates that the Colombian conflict cannot be won militarily, yet years of political negotiations have also failed to bring about peace. Jorge Rojas Rodriguez advocates reviewing the past experiences and failures of civilian peace initiatives so that these can play a more effective and greater role in the future. He describes the development of civil society initiatives in relation to previous peace processes, arguing that negotiations cannot be left to the warring parties and that civil society must do more than demonstrate for peace. Civil society must develop a political strategy for a democratic peace, which – without necessarily creating a political party for peace – means creating an opportunity for meaningful participation and addressing the causes of the conflict through state institutions.