Protracted conflict, elusive peace: Initiatives to end the violence in northern Uganda
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The optimism that greeted the signing of the Nairobi agreement in December 1999 between Uganda and Sudan was short-lived as LRA forces soon crossed back into Uganda. Patrick Oguru Otto describes the difficulties in implementing the agreement, centering on the LRA’s anger at being excluded. He details the further rounds of meetings and the emergence of multiple initiatives and how all of these were undermined by military-security developments and the gradual erosion of hopes for a peaceful solution.