Alternatives to war: Colombia’s peace processes
Publication date: 
2004
Accord issue: 
14

Despite its duration and destructiveness, there is no consensus on the ‘causes’ of the Colombian conflict. It has transformed over time and does not revolve around a single issue or two opposing sides, but instead has been defined by changing local, regional and national dynamics and different historical processes. Fernán González explores this complexity and how the historical processes of land settlement and state building as well as geographic differences and developments such as the growth of coca production have altered the conflict. He argues that this has resulted in no one actor controlling territory, leaving the civilian population as the principal target and victim of the violence.