Reconfiguring politics: The Indonesia-Aceh peace process
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The 2005 Memorandum of Understanding between the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and the Free Aceh Movement (GAM) includes clauses on reintegration. These focus on three key groups: GAM ex-combatants and supporters; amnestied political prisoners; and civilians affected by the conflict. The GoI provided €68 million for reintegration. Frödin highlights a number of problems with the reintegration process, relating to the precise function of assistance, the impact of post-tsunami reconstruction, and transitional justice. Defining and identifying beneficiaries has been particularly difficult, with the number of ex-GAM combatants and affiliates estimated at approximately 25,000 people, many more than the 3,000 armed combatants claimed by the GAM during negotiations.